Railways: Thrust Areas of Budget 20-21

Ministry of Railways: Thrust Areas of the Budget 2020-21

  • PM had highlighted that Rs 100 lakh crorewould be invested on infrastructure over the next 5 years.  National Infrastructure Pipeline (NIP)  has been launched on 31st December 2019 of  Rs 103 lakh crore. It consists of more than 6500 projects across sectors. For Railway sector NIP will include modern railway stations, metro and railway transportation, logistics and warehousing etc. (Para 49)  
  • Five measures relating to Railways have been  highlighted in Budget speech (Para 54):
  • Setting up a large solar power capacity alongside the rail tracks, on the land owned by the railways. A proposal is under consideration.
  • Four station re-development projects and operation of 150 passenger trains would be done through PPP mode. The process of inviting private participation is underway.
  • More Tejas type trains will connect iconic tourist destinations.
  • High speed train between Mumbai to Ahmedabad would be actively pursued.
  • 148 km long Bengaluru Suburban transport project at a cost of
    Rs 18600 crore, would have fares on metro model. Central Government would provide 20% of equity and facilitate external assistance up to 60% of the project cost.

The aim of Government is to make Indian Railways the growth engine of the economy. To this end, Government has increased investment and introduced modern technology while focusing on safety, speed and service to passengers

  • Continued emphasis on capacity enhancement through accelerated investments and execution
  • Capex for the year 2019-20 is Rs 1,56,352 crore (RE), which is 17.2% higher than the previous year.
  • Capex for 2020-21 has been pegged at an all time high of Rs 1,61,042 crore.
  • Electrification of the entire BG network by 2023-24.
  • The target of new lines, gauge conversion and doubling/tripling etc. for 2020-21 is 3750 Route Kms against 3150 Route Kms in 2019-20.
  • Advanced Signalling System: Railways now plan to induct latest technology for Signalling& Telecommunication system. Under modernization plan of Railway signaling system, it has been decided to implement Centralized Traffic Control (CTC) system on IR. This will increase operational efficiency. In first phase CTC will be implemented on 1830 KMs over 8 Zonal Railways on sections provided with Automatic Block Signalling system. Further, in the second phase, CTC will be implemented over balance 8 zonal Railways alongwith Automatic Block Signalling system.
  • Government has initiated the upgradation of the decades old signalling system into an Automatic Train Protection Systems, which will be a mix of proven international technology as well as indigenously developed systems with an impetus to Make in India.
  • Facilitating private participation in Railwaysto build a seamless national cold supply chain for perishables, inclusive of milk, meat and fish, the Indian Railways will set up a “Kisan Rail” – through PPP arrangements. There shall be refrigerated coaches in Express and Freight trains as well (Para 23(7)).
  • Continued focus on Safety.
  • 2019-20 has been one of the safest year in the history of Indian Railways. Consequential train accidents have reduced from 118 in 2013-14 to 51 in 2019-20 (upto December 2019). No passenger fatality has occurred in Consequential train accidents till 31/12/2019.
  • Unmanned level crossings on Broad Guage network has been eliminated.
  • Project for elimination of manned Level crossing has been undertaken.
  • Enhancing passenger experience through digital technologies.
    • Railways have provided free and fast wi-fi at over 5,500 railway stations benefitting the common public.
    • The Automatic updation of Train Timings through Real Time Train Information System (RTIS) in collaboration with ISRO and Data Loggers machines is improving punctuality and giving an accurate estimate of train arrival and departure to the passenger.
    • Artificial intelligence based system is being used to help predict the possibility of a ticket confirmation.
    • Transparency and accountability in food quality is being initiated through the commencement of CCTV based live streaming of food kitchens and food packets with QR codes linked to the kitchen where they have been prepared.
    • Digital payments is getting a boost through the provision of handheld devices and POS machines.
    • The indigenous “Make in India”, Vande Bharat express has been successfully inducted on two routes, and further induction of 44 new Vande Bharat sets has been initiated.

Highlights RE 2019-20

Traffic throughput:

  • Freight loading target kept at 1223 MT.
  • Average freight lead kept at 556 km.
  • Originating passengers increased to 8611 million from BE level of 8593.79 million.

Revenue receipts:

  • Passenger earnings retained at the BE level of Rs. 56,000 cr.
  • Goods earnings kept atRs. 1,34,733 cr.
  • Other Coaching earnings and Sundry other earnings kept at Rs. 6,000 cr and Rs. 9,000 cr respectively.
  • Gross Traffic Receipts thus kept at Rs. 2,05,833 cr.
  • Miscellaneous receipts kept at Rs. 436 cr.
  • Total receipts of IR thus kept at Rs. 2,06,269 cr.

Revenue expenditure:

  • Ordinary Working Expenses (OWE) reduced to Rs. 1,51,208 cr from Rs. 1,55,000 cr in BE targeting a savings of Rs. 3,792 cr under fuel expenditure and imposition of austerity and economy measures.
  • Appropriation to Pension Fund from Revenue kept at 48,350 cr.
  • Total revenue expenditure of IR kept at Rs. 2,02,458 cr against the BE provision of Rs. 2,07,900 cr with a savings target of Rs. 5,442 cr.

Operating Ratio:

  • The ‘Net’ of revenue over expenditure comes to Rs. 3,811 cr which has been appropriated to Development Fund(DF) (Rs. 1,311 cr) and Rashtriya Rail SanrakshaKosh(RRSK) (Rs. 2,500 cr) for supplementing IR’s capital expenditure.
  • Operating Ratio comes to 97.46% against 95% envisaged in BE

Capital Expenditure:

  • Capital Expenditure kept at Rs. 1,56,351.97 cr which is Rs. 22,975.31 cr (17.2%) more than capex of 2018-19.
  • Gross Budgetary Support (excluding Nirbhaya Fund) at Rs. 67,837 cr includes Rs. 5,000 cr towards RRSK and Rs. 17,250 cr as IR’s share from Central Road & Infrastructure Fund (CRIF).
  • Nirbhaya Fund at Rs. 267.64 cr.
  • Internal Resources at Rs. 5,000 cr (DRF-Rs. 1000 cr, DF-Rs. 1,500 cr and RRSK-Rs. 2,500 cr).
  • EBR-IRFC at Rs. 34,031 cr.
  • EBR-IF at Rs. 31,440 cr.
  • EBR-PPP at Rs. 17,776.33 cr.
SourceRE 2019-20 Outlay (Rs in cr)
Capital (incl. Nirbhaya Fund)45,854.64
RSF7,250
RRSK17,500
DRF1,000
DF1,500
EBR-IRFC34,031
EBR-IF31,440
EBR-Partnership17,776.33
Total1,56,351.97
 
Gross Budgetary Support (incl. Nirbhaya Fund)68104.64
Internal Resources5,000.00
EBR83,247.33
Total1,56,351.97

(The total capital expenditure of Rs. 1, 56,352 cr in RE includes Rs. 17,500 cr from RRSK being met from (i) Rs. 5,000 cr received through GBS, (ii) Rs. 10,000 cr from IR’s share from CRIF, (iii) Rs. 2,500 cr contributed from IR’s internal resources)

  Investment Physical TargetsRevised target 2019-20
1 Construction of new lines (Route Kms)300
2 Gauge conversion (Route Kms)400
3 Doubling of lines (Route Kms)2450 (incl. DFC)
4 Rolling stock 
 ALocomotives 
 iDiesel0
 iiElectric725
 BCoaches8026
 Cwagons (vehicle units)13000
5 Track renewals (Route Kms)3900
6 Electrification projects  (Route Kms)6000

  • In 2019-20 track renewal of 3900 km is targeted and the same is in line with emphasis of IR on safe train operation.
  • Target for commissioning new NL/GC/Doubling BG sections has been kept at 3150 Route Kms.

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Highlights BE 2020-21

Traffic throughput:

  • Freight loading kept at 1265 MT which is 42 MT (i.e 3.4%) incremental over RE 2019-20.
  • Average freight lead at 553 km against 556 km in RE 2019-20.
  • Originating passengers kept at 8792 million.

Revenue receipts:

  • Passenger earnings at Rs. 61,000 cr.
  • Goods earnings kept at Rs. 1,47,000 cr.
  • Other Coaching earnings and Sundry other earnings kept at Rs. 6,500 cr and Rs. 11,013 cr respectively.
  • Gross Traffic Receipts are thus kept at Rs. 2,25,613 cr. This is 9.6% above RE 2019-20.
  • Miscellaneous receipts kept at Rs. 300 cr
  • Total receipts of IR are thus kept at Rs. 2,25,913 cr.

Revenue expenditure:

  • Ordinary Working Expenses (OWE) kept at Rs. 1,62,753 cr.
  • Appropriation to DRF kept at Rs. 800 cr.
  • Appropriation to Pension Fund from Revenue kept at Rs. 53,160 cr.
  • Miscellaneous expenditure kept at Rs. 2,700 cr.
  • Thus the total revenue expenditure of IR has been kept at Rs. 2,19,413 cr.

Operating Ratio:

  • The ‘Net’ of revenue over expenditure thus comes to Rs. 6,500 cr which has been appropriated to DF (Rs. 1,500 cr), and RRSK (Rs. 5,000 cr) for supplementing IR’s capital expenditure.
  • Operating Ratio comes to 96.28% against 97.46% in RE 2019-20.

Capital Expenditure:

  • Capital Expenditure Rs. 1,61,042 cr which is higher than RE 2019-20 by Rs. 4,690.03 cr. This is 2.99% higher than RE 2019-20.
  • Gross Budgetary Support (excluding Nirbhaya Fund) at Rs. 70,000 cr includes Rs. 5,000 cr towards RRSK and Rs. 18,500 cr as IR’s share from CRIF. GBS in 2020-21 is 3.19% more than RE 2019-20.
  • Nirbhaya Fund at Rs. 250 cr.
  • Internal Resources at Rs. 7,500 cr (DRF-Rs. 1,000 cr, DF-Rs. 1,500 cr and RRSK-Rs. 5,000 cr).
  • EBR-IRFC at Rs. 30,000 cr.
  • EBR-IF at Rs. 28,000 cr.
  • EBR-PPP at Rs. 25,292 cr.
SourceRE 2019-20 Outlay (Rs in cr)
Capital (incl. Nirbhaya Fund)45,854.64
RSF7,250
RRSK17,500
DRF1,000
DF1,500
EBR-IRFC34,031
EBR-IF31,440
EBR-Partnership17,776.33
Total1,56,351.97
Gross Budgetary Support (incl. Nirbhaya Fund)68104.64
Internal Resources5,000.00
EBR83,247.33
Total1,56,351.97

(The total capital expenditure of Rs. 1,61,042 cr in BE includes Rs. 20,000 cr from RRSK being met from (i) Rs. 5,000 cr received through GBS, (ii) Rs. 10,000 cr from IR’s share from CRIF, (iii) Rs. 5,000 cr contributed from IR’s internal resources)

  Investment Physical TargetsRevised target 2019-20
1 Construction of new lines (Route Kms)300
2 Gauge conversion (Route Kms)400
3 Doubling of lines (Route Kms)2450 (incl. DFC)
4 Rolling stock 
 ALocomotives 
 iDiesel0
 iiElectric725
 BCoaches8026
 Cwagons (vehicle units)13000
5 Track renewals (Route Kms)3900
6 Electrification projects  (Route Kms)6000

  • Target for commissioning new NL/GC/Doubling BG sections in 2020-21 is 3750 Route Kms against 3150 Route Kms in 2019-20
  • In 2020-21, Electrification of 6000 Route Kms has been targeted.

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